During the Viking Age from the 9th century to 11th century, Vikings from Norway expanded the power, sailing from Greenland to Caspian Sea aboard on the longships as raiders, traders, explorers and settlers. By the middle of the 11th century, Norway was unified and the Norwegian kingdom was established. The Black Death arrived in Norway in 1350 and killed about a half the population. Norway entered the political union with Denmark through royal intermarriage in 1380. Between 1396 and 1536 Norway was a part of the Kalmar Union with both Denmark and Sweden, in which Denmark was dominant. From 1536 to 1814 Norway was effectually a tributary to Denmark, named as the personal union Denmark-Norway. The tie between Norway and Denmark was broken in 1815 at the end of the Napoleonic War, in which Denmark-Norway was in alliance with Napoleon. Norway was ceded to Sweden and the two counties formed a loose union. The union was dissolved in 1905 following the referendum voted in favor to dissolve the union. Sweden accepted the decision and Norway finally achieve its full independence as a constitutional monarchy. Norway remained neutral during World War I and World War II. Norway was, though, invaded by Nazi Germany and occupied from 1940 to 1945. Norway became a charter member of the United Nations and joined NATO in 1949. Norway maintains a Scandinavian welfare model with universal health-care, subsidized higher education, and a comprehensive social security system. Norway was ranked highest of all countries in human development from 2001 to 2007, and in 2009. It was also rated the most peaceful country in the world in a 2007 survey by Global Peace Index.
Our ship entered in Sogne Fjord, the one of the three largest fjords at around 4 a.m. It sailed to near Flåm, the city located in the deepest of Sogne Fjord, and returned the way it sailed.
Unfortunately, we could not fully enjoy the beautiful scenery due to the rain. But the rain had stopped by the time when we passed through the narrowest part of Sogne Fjord in early afternoon. I was happy to experience the fjord though it was a very short trip.
It was interesting that the color of the sea water got darker green as we sailed deeper into the fjord and got emerald green when we were away from the coast. The color was not transparent. It was more like a color of paint. It was special to cruising that I came to notice the color of the sea varies from place to place.
*DMC-ZS10/TZ20 records images in max.14-megapixel and DMC-ZS7/TZ10 in max.12-megapixel.