Model development of utilization of solar energy for community business in borders of West Kalimantan

Semitau and Suhaid, Kapuas Hulu, West Kalimantan

Population: 662. Most people are engaged in farming or fishing. The village gains a plentiful catch due to its location near the river, but finds it hard to increase income because of the difficulty of preserving or processing the fish.

Map: Position of West Kalimantan Province, Indonesia

Main activities

Local human resource development through awareness raising and learning program

Development of human resources who are engaged in operation and maintenance of solar power supply station Awareness raining of how to utilize electricity.

Donation of Solar power supply station and Solar storage system

We will supply enough electricity to local places where we live together.

  • • Power supply station
  • • Ene-loop solar storage

Support income generation
(development of local industry)

Developing models of local industry using electricity.

  • • Improvement of efficiency of processing fish
  • • Increasing of productivity of agriculture by improvement of soil
  • • Processing and marketing of agricultural products
  • • Improvement of processing natural honey
Target regions :
Kapuas Hulu, Sub-district of Semitau (12 villages) and Suhaid (11 villages), West Kalimantan province, Indonesia
Implementation period :
2 years (January 2018 – December 2020)

Partner organizations

Yayasan Dian Desa

Through technical support and interactive self-help processes for all of Southeast Asia, this organization helps improve community income and quality of life. Director Anton Soedjarwo was the youngest awardee of the Ramon Magsaysay Award which is called "Nobel Prize of Asia“, in 1983 for his community leadership.

Asian Community Center 21

Asian Community Center 21 (ACC21) is an international cooperation NGO working to reduce poverty in Asia based on a broad network with other Asian NGOs. It aims to help empower those people suffering from poverty in the Asian region. To achieve this aim, in collaboration with other Asian NGOs and civil society organizations, ACC21 promotes the following four FLOWs in Asia: FLOWs of (1) capital, (2) people, (3) information and (4) reform of policy and institutions. It also promotes development of human resources engaged in the four FLOWS in order to make them grow and be sustainable.

Village in harmony with a large river

The Marsedan Raya village is situated next to the Kapuas river, the longest river in Indonesia. 662 people are living in nature located about 300 km inland from the provincial capital. Although about half of the houses have solar panels or power generators installed with government subsidies and use lights, residents are able to use electricity only 40% of the time due to inadequate power generation capacity.

Villagers are living in stilted houses and using river water for domestic use. Many of them are engaged in river fishery. The river rises during the rainy season and sometimes causes flood damage to part of the village.

Photo left:The house is elevated in order to avoid water level./Photo right:In rainy season the water level of Kapuas river rises.

The staple food is rice, but expensive in the village. Only about 4 kg of rice can be bought with the residents' monthly average income of 500,000 rupiah (approx. 4,000 yen).

Photo left:People  prepare lunch./Photo right:The health center of Marsedan Raya village

Creating income sources
from the blessings of nature

Although the village is rich in fishery resources, it is difficult for the residents to make a living solely with fresh fish because they don't have access to refrigerators. They produce salted or dried fish by hand. In addition, farm crops and honey produced by boiling down natural honeycombs constitute limited income sources. If they have access to power, then the processing productivity and quality will improve and lead to an increased standard of living.

Catching snakehead and other freshwater fish. In season, a large volume of fish is caught but goes to waste. Electricity will be able to increase the residents' income by enabling the preservation and efficient processing of fish.

Photo left:Some catch fish in the wild./Photo right:Snake head fish is abundantly.

Soil condition can be improved by putting in organic fertilizers using locally available materials such as milled palm kernels. Then cash crops such as moringa, which is known and becoming popular as a superfood can be grown. Quality of natural honey processing method can also be improved.

Photo left:People cultivate vegetables, etc./Photo right:A natural honey

Fish is dried, smoked, or processed into fish dumplings and fishmeal, and then sold. Processing productivity will increase by improving processing efficiency with the use of electricity, which will lead to an increase in residents' income.

Photo left:Process in making dried salted fish/Photo right:Process in making smoked fish

Mainly women dry the fish and make fishmeal and fish dumplings. A fish dumpling called kerupuk basah is a common dish in Indonesia.

Photo left:Process in making fish powder by woman/Photo right:Process in making fish cake by woman

Active areas

Myanmar Myanmar

Baingbin Senna Village, Ayeyawady Region

Contribution to the improvement of lives and education with photovoltaic power generation systems and lighting

The village has a population of 1,845. Although the government has been undertaking electrification projects, the residents will have no access to electricity for at least five more years since the village is located in a remote area. 95% of the population are engaged in agriculture, with their income coming mainly from the double cropping of rice and beans. The schools in this village aim to achieve a high school enrollment rate of 40%.

2018.07.13The donation ceremony was held on July 13, 2018. Pictures of the ceremony are shown here.

Kenya Kenya

Enkutoto District, Narok County

Aid to Bring Electricity and Improve Life for the Maasai

Near the border of Tanzania, there is a village where 3,700 Maasai live. There is no industry in this region. The only resource is farming cattle and goats. Daily expenses per family average $2.5. The majority of households are below the poverty line. The nomadic Maasai are recently beginning to live in settled areas, but their lifestyles still depend on their traditional pasturing and small-scale agriculture. In part due to the effects of climate change, they find it difficult to escape from poverty. Only 36% of Kenyans have access to electricity, and only 12% in rural villages. This village is one without access to electricity.

2019.1.31The donation ceremony was held on January 29, 2019. Pictures of the ceremony are shown here.
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